42 Ways to Make Money As An Independent Musician – hypebot

While often difficult, it is never entirely impossible to make a sustainable living as a musician these days. In fact, the Future of Music Coalition assembled a list of 42 ways that musicians can potentially earn money in today’s music space – demonstrating the multitude of revenue streams that today’s working musician must keep into account when venturing off into the world as an independent musician.


1. Publisher Advance

2. Mechanical Royalties

3. Commissions

4 Public Performance (PRO) Royalties

5. Composing Original Works for Broadcast

6. Synch Licenses

7. Sheet Music Sales

8. Ringtones Revenue

9. ASCAPLUS Awards Program

10. Publisher Settlement


11. Salary as Member of Orchestra or Ensemble

12. Shows/Performance Fees

13. Record Label Advance

14. Record Label Support

15. Retail Sales

16. Digital Sales

17. Sales at Shows

18. Interactive Service Payments

19. Digital Performance Royalties

20. AARC Royalties

21. Neighboring Rights Royalties

22. AFM/Secondary Markets Fund

23. AFM/Sound Recording Special Payments

24. AFTRA Contingent Scale

25. Label Settlements


26. Session Musician/Sideman Fees for Studio Work

27. Session Musician/Sideman Fees for Live Work

28. AFM/AFTRA Payments


29. Music Teacher

30. Producer

31. Honoraria or Speakers Fees


32. Merchandise Sales

33. Fan Club

34. YouTube Partner Program

35. Ad Revenue

36. Persona Licensing

37. Product Endorsements

38. Acting


39. Fan Funding

40. Sponsorship

41. Grants


42 Arts Administrator

Source: The Future of Music Coalition

Hisham Dahud is a Senior Analyst for Hypebot.com. Additionally, he is the head of Business Development for Fame House

via 42 Ways to Make Money As An Independent Musician – hypebot.

Trent Reznor & David Byrne On DIY vs Major Labels – hypebot

A talk Sunday night featuring David Byrne and Trent Reznor included an interesting discussion of the business options facing musicians today. Due to Trent Reznors recent deal with Columbia Records for How to destroy angels_ coverage has focused on DIY vs Major Labels. However both artists shared the stance that the current landscape is not about label deals vs DIY but about choosing the right path and the right deals for the artist in question.

Trent Reznor and David Byrne Discuss Major Labels and DIYTrent Reznors recent announcements that his band How to destroy angels_ had “formally partnered with Columbia Records for our next series of releases” and that he is working with Beats By Dre has some wondering about Reznors commitment to DIY approaches. But in a recent dialogue with David Byrne in conversation with USCs Josh Kun both artists make it clear that the choices today are not between signing with a label or going it alone. Musicians now have a broader array of choices and can make decisions based on the needs of their art and career.

Check out this video that captures part of the discussion between David Byrne, Trent Reznor and Josh Kun focused on major labels vs. DIY and the choices facing todays musicians.


via Trent Reznor & David Byrne On DIY vs Major Labels – hypebot.

Music Genres: What Makes You So…”Eclectic?”

When someone asks you to describe your music, think carefully before you drop the word “eclectic.” It may be true that you have a variety of music influences and inspirations, but be specific. “Eclectic” as a catchall can confuse the issue and give the impression that the tracks on your album are stylistically all over the map – or worse, that perhaps you are all over the map and are uncomfortable defining your own music. Instead, try to look for the common threads and the ways you bring your musical influences together. Consider the specific elements in different genres that have touched and inspired you over the years and how you carry them into your own writing.

As a pianist and singer-songwriter, I have often been asked to describe my music and music styles, and currently I use the tag “piano-woven folk/pop.” It lets people know that my main instrument is piano, and that the accompaniments are textured and layered. It also gives an idea of what kinds of listeners might be in my audience.

A longer explanation would reference my various music influences and background in classical and jazz piano, but those terms aren’t part of my music description. That’s because on the surface, those are not the styles most immediate when people hear my songs. My classical piano training allows me to create varied soundscapes on the piano, and yet the songs do not sound like 19th century Schubert art songs. My jazz experience allows me to put together unusual chord patterns that are more lush than you find in most pop songs, but the rhythm of my music does not sound overtly “jazzy,” and I don’t spend long sections in the songs improvising as one might in a jazz tune.

So it has been helpful to refine the tag line to reflect what’s most obvious to people, and as they dig deeper, they will pick up on the underlying musical influences. You can work on your own tag line, using genre/style words and your instrument. Or you can combine other styles or sounds, for example, “Chamber Folk” or “Hard Beats / Screaming Horns.” Or you can pull more popular “sound-alike” artists’ names into your tag line as a reference, if you don’t feel it will limit or detract from your own voice. Often artists fear the idea of getting pigeon-holed into one genre or description, but if you look at a tag line as a starting point, just a short phrase to introduce yourself, then rest assured your newly-interested audience will hear the nuances that truly make you who you are when they listen to your music.

via Music Genres: What Makes You So…”Eclectic?”.

How to Develop Your Musical Persona « DIY Musician DIY Musician

By Chris Robley

David Bowie struck his best messianic alien pose as Ziggy Stardust. Lady Gaga dons different outlandish costumes to communicate with her cult of fame-monsters. The Insane Clown Posse wears frightening makeup. Dylan was the changeling rebel poet.


Unfortunately, we live in a world where music as an audio art-form is judged, in large part, by how it looks, and by how we respond to its system


of delivery—and “persona” is an important part of that.

Luckily for those of us who aren’t comfortable inhabiting a whole different dramatic character in order to perform our music, you don’t have to become a method actor to develop a memorable persona.



Persona and music promotion

As Lisa Lepine (“The Promotion Queen” of Portland, Oregon) explains in CD Baby’s Podcast Episode #2, indie musicians can build their brand a


d inhabit an authentic persona by determining what the most memorable aspects of their personality, story, and aesthetic are—and magnifying those qualities on stage. By amplifying something true within yourself, you’ll connect with audiences in a dramatic fashion without feeling like you’re faking something.

How to sell yourself without “selling out”


Think of the artist who recites politically-charged spoken word between songs, the singer who always wears his great-grandfather’s railroad h


at on stage, the extra-spastic drummer wearing only gym shorts, the guitar player who takes a moment out of each show to talk about a pressing environmental issue.

In this podcast interview, Lisa Lepine talks about how artists can find subtle ways of bridging the gap between persona and “authentic self.”


What’s your musical persona? How did you develop this persona? Does it feel like you’re stepping into someone else’s shoes, or is it just a more-charismatic version of yourself? Let us know in the comments section below.

Share and sell your music on Facebook, the world’s most popular social network!

via How to Develop Your Musical Persona « DIY Musician DIY Musician.

Top 5 Tips for Effective Music Video Promotion on YouTube « DIY Musician DIY Musician

By Chris Robley

A new report says that the majority of music listeners under the age of 18 prefer YouTube over any other music discovery destination (including iTunes, Pandora, Spotify, etc.) It’s more important than ever that your music be available on YouTube.

Here are a few things to keep in mind to help you make the most of your video presence.

1. Add links at the top of the description field for each video

Let your fans know where they can purchase your music. Simply enter the URL to your blog or website (or to your cdbaby.com artist page) at the very beginning of the video description field (to ensure that it’s visible to all viewers). YouTube will hyperlink it automatically.

2. Make the first 15 seconds count

As the saying goes, “Don’t bore us. Get to the chorus.” You’ve got to hook them upfront. YouTube videos are like pop songs; they’re best enjoyed and shared when short and catchy. YouTube is proving there’s some truth to Andy Warhol’s saying, “in the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes.” Only now, 15 seconds may be all you get.

To help you capture your audience’s attention, the Official YouTube Blog has offered some good advice on how to make the first 15 seconds of your video irresistible:

via Top 5 Tips for Effective Music Video Promotion on YouTube « DIY Musician DIY Musician.

How To Leverage Your YouTube Music Channel

YouTube is the most popular video outlet in the world, and as such, the free service is an integral part of any serious artist’s music marketing strategy. Ignore it at your own peril! Among all the categories of videos found on YouTube, music is far and away the most popular, accounting for nearly 31% of all videos played through the website. It has also become the prime destination for music discovery by teenagers, with The Wall Street Journal recently reporting that two-thirds of teens listen to music directly from YouTube, more often than other services such as Pandora, Spotify, and MOG.

YouTube allows you to share your content (musical and otherwise), provide background information around the content, and provide links and portals to help your fans reach more of what you have to offer on the web. YouTube is a key to modern band promotion, and is great tool to help you connect with your fans in a personal way, allowing you to showcase your material and communicate with your audience about the content they are most interested in.

As the digital music landscape continues to evolve, streaming services are emerging as the kings of music discovery and dissemination. Similar to the shift in television broadcasting that occurred as cable and satellite emerged to challenge the major networks, streaming services provide consumers with free or low-cost access to nearly all available music for as little as 30¢ a day. But unlike cable TV, you have no barriers to engaging your audience on this community service, and stand to gain fans and revenue in the process.

via How To Leverage Your YouTube Music Channel.